To many people, Tunisia presents itself as an excellent example of a Mediterranean country that is also part of the Arab and African world due to the dynamism of its society. It is also a country that marvelously combines tradition and modernity. Finally Tunisia is a country which succeeds in combining its own indefinable charm with other, European-like qualities.
Home of the ancient city of Carthage, Tunisia
was once an important player in the Mediterranean, placed as it is in the
centre of North Africa, close to vital shipping routes.
In their time, the Romans, Arabs, Ottoman Turks
and French realised its strategic significance, making it a hub for control
over the region.
It may be but a slim wedge of North Africa’s
vast horizontal expanse, but Tunisia has enough history and diverse natural
beauty to pack a country many times its size. With a balmy, sand-fringed
Mediterranean coast, scented with jasmine and sea breezes, and where the fish
on your plate is always fresh, Tunisia is prime territory for a straightforward
sun-sand-and-sea holiday. But beyond the beaches, it’s a thrilling, underrated
destination where distinct cultures and incredible extremes of landscape can be
explored in just a few days.
Tunis is refashioning itself as an ambitiously
modern Arab capital, though both its long Ottoman and not-so-distant colonial
past still have a powerful, palpable presence. In the north, lakes teem with
pink flamingos, surprising deep-green forests rise up from the coast, and
gently rolling plains are dotted with olive and citrus trees. To the south, the
ever-enchanting sands of the Sahara stretch deep into Africa and the traditions
of the indigenous Berbers persevere.
Tunisia is located at the junction of the eastern and western basins of the Mediterranean, just where the Straits of Sicily separate it by 140 kilometers from Europe. This geographic position that made Tunisia a crossroads of civilizations throughout history, makes it today a platform for investment as well as for production and trade.
Tunisia is more prosperous than its neighbours and has strong trade links with Europe.
|Tunis– Rome||1 hour|
|Tunis–Barcelona||1 hour and 50 minutes|
|Tunis– Madrid||2 hours and 15 minutes|
|Tunis– Paris||2 hours and 20 minutes|
|Tunis– Frankfurt||2 hours and 30 minutes|
|Tunis– Brussels||2 hours and 40 minutes|
|Tunis– London||2 hours and 50 minutes|
|Tunis– Cairo||3 hours and 5 minutes|
|Tunis– Jeddah||4 hours and 20 minutes|
|Tunis– Copenhagen||3 hours and 30 minutes|
| Geographical data|
|Land surface||162,155 km2|
|Situation||North Africa, 140 km from Italy|
1,300 km of coastline along the Mediterranean
|Climate||Mediterranean, 11.4°C in winter and 29.3°C in summer|
|Time zone||GMT + 1|
|Capital||Tunis (2.5 millions inhabitants)|
|Main cities||Tunis, Sfax, Sousse, Bizerte, Kairouan, Gabes|
|Common languages||French, English, Italian|
|Population (2012)||10.8 million inhabitants|
|Population living in cities||66.2%|
|Working population||47.8% of the population at large|
|Life expectancy||74.9 year|
|Administrative organization||24 governorates subdivided into delegations|
|Tunisian Dinar (TND)||1 TND = 1,000 millimes|
|Exchange rate||2013 average|
1 TND = 0.597 USD
1 TND = 0.441 Euro
1 TND = 61.514 JPY